[Occasional Paper No. 19] Ghana’s Attempts at Industrialization: How Can the Country Achieve the Success It Yearns For?

Since independence, Ghana has sought to extensively develop the manufacturing sector of the economy with the goal of becoming an industrialized nation, enjoying rapid and sustained economic growth and development. Yet, data reveal that the manufacturing sector has performed very poorly, leading to the failure of the country’s industrialization attempts despite strong policy attention paid to the sector.

Economic fundamentals such as high fiscal deficits, macroeconomic instability, shortage of foreign currency, inadequate raw materials to feed the manufacturing industries, etc. have commonly been cited by researchers as being responsible for this failure. We show that although economic fundamentals (and other factors) are the immediate causal factors affecting the performance of Ghana’s manufacturing sector, they are themselves affected by certain intermediate as well as more primitive or root causes, which have not been significantly addressed over the years and which are not only daunting to address but are also very delicate to deal with.

To ensure the success of the present and future industrialization efforts and achieve rapid and sustained growth and development of the broader economy, the country needs to adopt bold steps to address these root causes. We have provided a number of recommendations by which the country can address the root causes in order to permit long-term improvements in the economic fundamentals to stimulate manufacturing development and industrialization.

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May 24, 2019

Ghana’s Attempts at Industrialization: How Can the Country Achieve the Success It Yearns For? [Occasional Paper No. 19]

[Occasional Paper No. 19] Ghana’s Attempts at Industrialization: How Can the Country Achieve the Success It Yearns For? Since independence, Ghana has sought to extensively develop the manufacturing sector of the economy with the goal of becoming an industrialized nation, enjoying rapid and sustained economic growth and development. Yet, data reveal that the manufacturing sector has performed very poorly, leading... Read more
January 16, 2019

Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget [Occasional Paper 17]

 [Occasional Paper 17] Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget Unemployment has become the most serious challenge currently confronting Ghana. Indeed, the unemployment problem has reached a crisis point, given that the rate consistently increased over the most part of the last three decades, and stood at 11.9% at the... Read more
October 28, 2018

Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget [Occasional Paper 17]

 [Occasional Paper 17] Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget

Unemployment has become the most serious challenge currently confronting Ghana. Indeed, the unemployment problem has reached a crisis point, given that the rate consistently increased over the most part of the last three decades, and stood at 11.9% at the end of 2015. The overwhelming majority of the unemployed are young people, aged between 15 and 34 years. Only 10% of graduates find jobs after their national service, and available statistics show that sometimes it takes up to 10 years for a large number of graduates to secure employment. Majority of the employed are in the private sector, of which about 90% are in the informal sector. The informal sector is known for its low productivity and very low incomes. The failure of Ghana’s economy to grow at appreciable rates in order to create jobs and improve incomes and livelihoods of Ghanaians has become a major concern.  
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October 23, 2018

Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget [6]

Policy Brief 6. Strong Economic Growth And Significant Reduction In Unemployment: The Critical Issues To Address In Ghana’s 2019 Budget

The Ghanaian economy has maintained virtually its “colonial structure” 60 years after independence as it still depends largely on cocoa, gold, timber and recently oil as the country’s main export commodities. Exported in raw and unprocessed form, these commodities fetch low prices on international markets where Ghana is a price taker, rendering the economy vulnerable to terms-of-trade shocks. The agriculture sector’s contribution to total output has been falling due to declining productivity. The manufacturing base of the economy has also been shrinking as many state-owned industries privatized years ago have closed down and many private businesses are suffocating under the weight of numerous obstacles. Services have emerged as the leading sector of the economy, but productivity and incomes are low in the sector. The combination of all these factors has slowed Ghana’s economic growth for the most part of the last two decades, with serious implications for job creation. This paper looks at how a strong and broad-based economic growth can be achieved to significantly create jobs in order to reduce unemployment in the country Read full paper