[Occasional Paper 16] Analysis of Unemployment in Ghana Using District Level National Population Census Data 

This study analyses unemployment in Ghana using district-level data based on the 2010 and 2000 National Population and Housing Censuses. In line with government’s district-focused policies, including the One District One Factory (1D1F), One District One Ambulance (ODOA), and One Village One Dam (OVOD), this study uses district-level data from the only two national population censuses conducted during the Fourth Republican era, in 2000 and 2010, to analyse the factors influencing the unemployment rate at the district level.

Based on the 2010 Census, it was established that the level of unemployment rate varied from a low of 0.9% to a high of 10.6% showing a considerable degree of variation that required some analyses to ascertain factors influencing the unemployment rate.
Using panel data regression analysis, it was established that the level of unemployment in a district was significantly influenced by the degree of age-dependency burden with higher burden leading to higher unemployment rates.

 

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